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Abstract

Predictive transport modelling and gyrokinetic stability analyses of demonstration hybrid (HYBRID) and advanced tokamak (AT) discharges from the International Tokamak Physics Activity (ITPA) profile database are presented. Both regimes have exhibited enhanced core confinement (above the conventional ITER reference H-mode scenario) but differ in their current density profiles. Recent contributions to the ITPA database have facilitated an effort to study the underlying physics governing confinement in these advanced scenarios. In this paper, we assess the level of commonality of the turbulent transport physics and the relative roles of the transport suppression mechanisms (i.e. E × B shear and Shafranov shift (a) stabilization) using data for select HYBRID and AT discharges from the DIII-D, JET and AUG tokamaks. GLF23 transport modelling and gyrokinetic stability analysis indicate that E × B shear and Shafranov shift stabilization play essential roles in producing the improved core confinement in both HYBRID and AT discharges. Shafranov shift stabilization is found to be more important in AT discharges than in HYBRID discharges. We have also examined the competition between the stabilizing effects of E × B shear and Shafranov shift stabilization and the destabilizing effects of higher safety factors and parallel velocity shear. Linear and nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations of idealized low and high safety factor cases reveal some interesting consequences. A low safety factor (i.e. HYBRID relevant) is directly beneficial in reducing the transport, and E×B shear stabilization can dominate parallel velocity shear destabilization allowing the turbulence to be quenched. However, at low-q/high current, Shafranov shift stabilization plays less of a role.

Additional information

Authors: KINSEY J E, Lehigh University, Bethlehem (US);IMBEAUX F, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);BOURDELLE C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);GARBET X, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);STAEBLER G M, General Atomics, San Diego (US);BUDNY R, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton (US);FUKUYAMA A, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto (JP);TALA T, Association EURATOM-Tekes, VTT Processes, VTT (FI);PARAIL V, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: An Article published in: Nuclear Fusion 45 (2005) 450-458
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://www.iop.org/EJ/S/UNREG/8j8IMOD95xY2MhZA9X4tEw/journal/NuclFus
Record Number: 200518315 / Last updated on: 2005-08-26
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en