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  • Raising EU R&D intensity: Improving the effectiveness of public support mechanisms for private sector research and development: Direct measures


The specific aim of this report is to offer suggestions and guidance concerning the design and implementation of direct public support measures to stimulate private investment in research. The report considers the importance of supply side measures, the growing importance and significance of demand-side measures and the role of framework conditions. After reviewing the use of these measures and the factors that affect their effectiveness, the report then presents a series of recommendations for policymakers across the EU.

This report to the European Commission by an independent expert group is one of a set of five reports that accompany the Commission Communication (Investing in Research: an action plan for Europe) - COM(2003) 226 final. The other reports in the series cover the following topics: (Mix of public support mechanisms) (Guarantee mechanisms) (Risk capital measures) (Fiscal measures)

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