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Accretions in the bosh, belly and shaft have a significant influence on blast furnace performance and on the service life of the refractory lining and the cooling system. To analyse the mechanisms of formation and dislodging of accretions, investigations were carried out at four different blast furnaces. Three blast furnaces were equipped with additional measurements to investigate the accretion formation process and to provide information for the development of accretion estimation models. Installation activities included thermocouples, heat-flux meters, staves with instrumentation for heat-flux measurement and a small horizontal lance. The distribution of accretions in the shaft was documented. Samples were taken out of accretions during blast furnace stoppages. Their acquisition was simplified with newly developed sampling devices. The samples were analysed to determine chemical and mineralogical properties and thermal conductivity. Samples were mainly made up of reduced iron or of coke and sinter structures glued together by zinc or alkali compounds. Together with a newly developed offline model for the simulation of accretion formation, different parameters influencing the formation process were identified. The main parameters are: burden material composition, blast furnace operating conditions and the cooling system. Countermeasures to prevent excessive accretion growth were determined. They offer a better operational control of accretions. Different models to identify accretion formation were developed and an overview was presented. Different models were necessary to distinguish between the various measurement, cooling-system and blast-furnace setups. Most of the models are already implemented and in operational use. For some of them application at other blast furnaces was already realised or is possible.

Additional information

Authors: KLIMA R, BFI, Düsseldorf (DE);HÖFER O, BFI, Düsseldorf (DE);CHIAROTTI U, CSM, Rome (IT);FREDMAN T, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo (FI);HILLMANN C, DK Recykling und Roheisen GmbH, Duisbursg (DE);RAIPALA K, Rautaruukki Oyi, Lappohja (FI);ERIKSSON J, MEFOS, Luleå (SE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21433 EN (2005), 161 pp. Euro: 25
Availability: Katalogue Number: KI-NA-21433-EN-S The paper version can be ordered online and the PDF version downloaded at:
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-9870-6
Record Number: 200618453 / Last updated on: 2005-12-15
Original language: en
Available languages: en