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Waste incineration practices are currently being diversified and optimised in terms of the efficiency of the recovery of the energy embedded in the waste. One of these tendencies is the conversion of non-hazardous waste into an adequate form for utilisation in an efficient combustion process. The fact that Directive 2000/76/EC on the incineration of waste (WID) now covers both incineration and co-incineration is inter alia recognition of the above described practices. In recital (7) of this Directive it is stated that �therefore, a high level of environmental protection and human health protection requires the setting and maintaining of stringent operational conditions, technical requirements and emission limit values for plants incinerating or coincinerating waste within the Community.�
�The limit values set should prevent or limit so far as practicable negative effects on the environment and the resulting risks to human health.� In this context, the issue of trading and the need for the development of relevant standards to be used in commercial transactions and utilisation of waste-derived fuels became apparent and were addressed by various CEN Technical Committees.
In Europe, in the last ten years, energy policy targets and waste management legislation gave an impetus to the usage of waste derived fuels based on non hazardous wastes.
These fuels, having an average content of 50 - 60% on biogenics, may contribute considerably to the reduction of CO2 emission and the doubling of the share of renewable energy. Moreover, due to liberalisation and need for cost reduction, industry is interested in less expensive homogenous substitute fuels of a specified quality.

Additional information

Authors: GAWLIK B M, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);CICERI G (Editors), European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21756 EN (2005), 274 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9893 Fax: +39 033278 5409 E-mail: or Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32 2 295 76 24 Fax: +32 2 299 63 22
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-9861-7
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