Design and qualification of ITER CS and TF cooling inlets
In the ITER superconducting magnets, the CIC conductors cooling is insured by supercritical helium forced flow in the central and annular parallel channels. In the Central Solenoid, with a thick square jacket conductor, the helium inlet is in the highest field region at the inner bore pancake joggle, and it has to support the high hoop force stress level with a very low stress concentration factor. In the TF magnets, a thin jacket circular conductor is wound in double pancakes, inserted into radial plates, stacked and embedded into a steel case. The helium inlets are located at the inner bore, in the limited space between the radial plates and the coil casing. The PF coils helium inlets, not studied here, are similar to the CS ones, but with a lower stress level. A complete qualification work on the CS and TF helium inlets is presented. A design optimisation was performed, by FEM analysis, resulting in acceptable stress level in both helium inlets. The welding procedure was qualified and specific fatigue life mock-ups were designed, analysed and manufactured using representative jacket materials. Fatigue life qualification at 4K was performed in the FZK test facility applying the relevant loading and number of cycles. Hydraulic mock-ups were manufactured and qualified in the CEA test facility using GN2 at relevant Reynolds number. Pressure drop as well as flow repartition inside conductors� petals were measured. The mechanical and hydraulic results are presented.
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: 19th International Conference on Magnet Technology Organised by: Italian Institute for Nuclear Physics Held at: Genova (IT)
Availability: Available from Association EURATOM-CEA, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 St Paul-Lez-Durance, France Tel: (+33) 4 42 25 70 01; Fax: (+33) 4 42 25 64 21 E-mail: email@example.com
Record Number: 200618526 / Last updated on: 2006-03-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en