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Innovation in energy technology: Comparing national innovation systems at the sectoral level

Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV


Innovation in energy technology has widespread implications for OECD economies. Although the energy sector accounts for a small share of GDP, the pervasive use of energy throughout modern economies makes uninterrupted supplies and stable prices critical to sustaining growth. Rapid growth in energy demand coupled with growing concerns about energy security and the environment, however, raise questions about the sustainability of the current energy system and call for renewed efforts to develop and deploy new and improved energy technologies that can support a sustainable energy system. Understanding how to stimulate innovation in energy technology is therefore of growing importance.
This report summarises the conclusions of a project on innovation in energy technology organised by the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy. It forms part of a larger effort to compare innovation processes in different industry sectors both provide guidance to policy makers on development of innovation policy and to more fully elaborate the national innovation systems approach to policy making. The report focuses primarily on innovation in hydrogen fuel cell technology, which was the subject of country studies prepared by experts from nine countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States. It also addresses innovation in oil and gas technologies, drawing on work done in France, Norway and the United States, which allows some ability for comparative analysis across national innovation systems and among innovation systems for different energy technologies.

Additional information

Authors: No author stated, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2006, 326 pp, EUR: 28
Availability: Available from: (the bookshop of the OECD)
ISBN: ISBN-92-64-01407-1
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