Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Enhanced Oil Recovery using Carbon Dioxide in the European Energy System

Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV


Enhanced oil recovery using carbon dioxide is a method that can increase oil production beyond what is typically achievable using conventional recovery methods while facilitating the storage of carbon dioxide in the oil reservoir. In principle, when CO2 is injected in an oil reservoir, it mobilises oil not extracted by conventional methods either by interacting physically and chemically with the oil and the reservoir rock, or by regulating the reservoir pressure. This results in an increased oil production. Hence, CO2-EOR can help in the reduction of CO2 emissions and simultaneously improve the security of energy supply. At present there are no applications of CO2-EOR in Europe, only plans, although the technique has been commercialised elsewhere. In general, there are no major technical barriers for the implementation of such projects onshore. The most important issues that have hindered the implementation in Europe are the lack of availability of low cost CO2 and the increased operating and capital expenses, especially when offshore projects are considered. These costs have made this type of oil production operations in Europe prohibitive under the oil-pricing regime of the near past.
This report assesses the potential role of CO2-EOR in the European energy system. Initially, the report examines how CO2-EOR may fit with the objectives of the European energy, energy research, and environmental policies. Next, the report reviews the current state of knowledge about CO2-EOR, identifies potential barriers for implementation and highlights areas that require further research and development. Finally, the report estimates the potential for CO2 storage and for additional oil production in the oilfields in the North Sea, as well as the associated costs. The region studied in this analysis is the most important oil-producing area in Europe, producing approximately 4 million barrels of oil daily, or 73% of crude oil produced in the European Economic Area.

Additional information

Authors: TZIMAS E, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, Petten (NL);GEORGAKAKI A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, Petten (NL);GARCIA CORTES C, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, Petten (NL);PETEVES S D, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, Petten (NL)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21895 EN (2005), 117 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9893 Fax: +39 033278 5409 E-mail: or Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32 2 295 76 24 Fax: +32 2 299 63 22
ISBN: ISBN: 92-79-01044-1
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