Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

The Argentina-EU S&T Cooperation Agreement has come of age after 4 years of implementation, even if its initial years were characterized by serious social and economic upheaval - it is now established and looking for new horizons in which the EU becomes Argentina’s main international partner in RTD. Under these circumstances the S&T Agreement has acquired strategic overtones associated to its role as promoter of a global knowledge society targeted by the Lisboa Strategy - to this extent the future Agreement requires a deepening of cooperation activities in line with the desired RTD policy convergence between the EU and Argentina.
Stemming from its early commitment to science, when Argentina was amongst the top ten economies in the world (late 19th - early 20th century), some of the Argentinean indices are still amongst the best in Latin America. The highest number of researchers per 10.000 economically active population at 15 (followed by Chile at 13 and Brazil at 7) coupled with the third best investment in S&T as a proportion of GDP (0,5% compared with 0.9% for Brazil or 0.8% for Chile) imply a lower spending on S&T per research worker than Brazil, Chile or Mexico. A further weakness of the Argentinean S&T system regards the very low private S&T expenditure, of the order of 10% of total; this means that over 95% of the researchers are in the public sector, against less than 90% in Mexico and less than 80% in Brazil. A reflection of this fact can be seen if one compares scientific papers and patents at 40 articles per patent in Argentina, against less than 30 in Brazil or less than 25 in Mexico (for a similar number of articles per researcher, at approximately 0.15 for these three countries).

Additional information

Authors: CARRONDO M J T, IBET, Oeiras (PT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21791 EN (2006), 20 pp. Free of charge
Availability: http://bookshop.europa.eu/is-bin/INTERSHOP.enfinity/WFS/EU-Bookshop-Site/en_GB/-/EUR/ViewPublication-Start?PublicationKey=KINA21791 (Catalogue Number: KI-NA-21791-EN)
ISBN: ISBN: 92-79-00117-5
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