Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The Convention on Biological Diversity: Implementation in the European Union

Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV


Biological resources are vital for humanity's survival and for the economic and social development of nations. However, biological diversity is under threat around the world. Ecosystems are being damaged or destroyed and species are disappearing.
The global scale of biodiversity loss demands concerted international action. The framework for such action is the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which the European Union (EU) ratified in 1993.
Europe is a highly urbanised and densely populated part of the world where biodiversity is under tremendous pressure. The EU has therefore committed itself to the ambitious target of halting the loss of biodiversity in Europe by 2010.
In May 2004 at Malahide, Ireland, more than 200 stakeholders representing the 25 EU countries and various NGOs issued a 'message from Malahide', underlining that we cannot reach our 2010 target without substantially reinforced efforts. In the coming months, the Commission will publish a roadmap setting out exactly how the European Community and it's Member States should address the remaining challenges both within Europe and abroad.
One of the EU's other strategic objectives is to promote economic growth and jobs - the socalled Lisbon process. There is certainly a view that environmental protection and growth are mutually incompatible - that it is a case of 'either one or the other'. But thankfully this view is increasingly being recognised as outdated and simplistic.
The experience of the EU has clearly demonstrated that the two objectives go hand in hand. A healthy natural environment provides an essential contribution to economic prosperity, social well-being and quality of life. The booming eco-technology sector is one example of how we can be 'clean, clever and competitive' and over 2 million people are directly employed in Europe's eco-industries.

Additional information

Authors: No author stated, European Commission, DG Environment, Brussels (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2006. 28 pp. Free of charge
Availability: (Catalogue Number: KH-76-06-202-EN-C)
ISBN: ISBN: 92-79-00789-0
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