Gas flow and related beam losses in the ITER neutral beam injector
The gas flow in the ITER neutral beam injectors has been studied using a 3D Monte Carlo code to define a number of key parameters affecting the design and operation of the injector. This paper presents the results of calculations of the gas density in the two accelerator concepts presently considered as options for the ITER injectors, and the resultant stripping losses of the negative ions during their acceleration to 1 MeV. The sensitivity of the model to various parameters has been studied, including the gas temperature in the ion source and the subsequent accommodation by collisions with the accelerator structure, and the degree of dissociation of the D(2) or H(2) in the ion source, and subsequent recombination during collisions with the accelerator structure. Additionally the sensitivity of the losses to details of the beam source design and operating parameters are examined for both accelerator concepts.
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Fusion Engineering and Design (2006), Volume 81, Issue 19, Pages 2239-2248
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09203796
Record Number: 200719023 / Last updated on: 2007-04-02
Original language: en
Available languages: en