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Abstract

Two C/C flat tile mock-ups with a hypervapotron cooling concept, have been successfully tested beyond ITER specification (3000 cycles at 15 MW/m{2}, 300 cycles at 20 MW/m{2} and 800-1000 cycles at 25 MW/m{2}) in two electron beam testing facilities [F. Escourbiac, et al., Experimental simulation of cascade failure effect on tungsten and CFC flat tile armoured HHF components, Fusion Eng. Des., submitted for publication; F. Escourbiac, et al., A mature industrial solution for ITER divertor plasma facing components: hypervapotron cooling concept adapted to Tore Supra flat tile technology, Fusion Eng. Des. 75-79 (2005) 387-390]. Both mock-ups provide a SNECMA SEPCARB NS31 armour, which has been joined onto the CuCrZr heat sink by active metal casting (AMC) and electron beam welding (EBW). No tile detachment or sudden loss of single tiles has been observed; a cascade-like failure of flat tile armours was impossible to generate. At the maximum cyclic heat flux load of 25 MW/m{2} all tested tiles performed well except one, which revealed already a clear indication in the thermographic examination at the end of the manufacture. Visual examination and analysis of metallographic cuts of the remaining tiles demonstrated that the interface has not been altered. In addition, the shear strength of the C/C to copper joints measured after the high heat flux (HHF) test has been found to be still above the interlamellar shear strength of the used C/C material. The high resistance of the interface is explained by a modification of the C/C to copper joint interface due to silicon originating from the used C/C material.

Additional information

Authors: SCHEDLER B, Technology Centre of PLANSEE SE, Reutte (AT);FRIEDRICH T, Technology Centre of PLANSEE SE, Reutte (AT);TRAXLER H, Technology Centre of PLANSEE SE, Reutte (AT);EIDENBERGER E, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, University of Leoben, Leoben (AT);SCHEU C, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, University of Leoben, Leoben (AT);CLEMENS H, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, University of Leoben, Leoben (AT);PIPPAN R, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Erich-Schmid-Institute of Material Science, Leoben (AT);ESCOURBIAC F, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Fusion Engieering and Design (2007), Volume 82, Issue 3, Pages 299-305
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09203796
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