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Abstract

In plasmas exhibiting an internal transport barrier (ITB), locally very high pressure gradient (VP) is obtained. It induces high values of the magnetohydrodynamic alpha parameter (alpha = -q{2} beta RVP/P, with R the major radius, q the safety factor, P the pressure, V the radial gradient and beta the ratio between kinetic and magnetic pressure). Similarly to low or negative magnetic shear (s), high alpha reduces the curvature and V B drifts driving curvature-type microinstabilities. Therefore, high values of a can stabilize part of the microturbulence, which leads to higher pressure gradient and to even higher alpha. This possibility for entering a positive feedback loop is very attractive to sustain ITBs in high performance plasmas. Indeed, alpha scales favourably with higher pressure and does not require any external momentum input. In this paper, after having discussed the alpha stabilization mechanism in detail, we report the experimental microstability analyses of ITBs from an international multi-machine database-the International Tokamak Physics Activity database, accessible on the web{b}. We show that alpha is indeed a relevant parameter of ITB physics that should be taken into account in interpretative and predictive one-dimensional transport codes.

Additional information

Authors: BOURDELLE C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);HOANG G T, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);LITAUDON X, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);ROACH C M, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);TALA T, Association Euratom-Tekes, VTT Processes, VTT (FI)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 45 (2005), pp. 110-130
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/45/2/005
Record Number: 200719072 / Last updated on: 2007-04-11
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en