Fully predictive time-dependent transport simulations of ITB plasmas in JET, JT-60U and DIII-D
For the first time, the predictive capabilities of the mixed Bohm/GyroBohm, Weiland and 'retuned' GLF23 transport models are investigated with ITB discharges from the ITPA ITB database with fully predictive, time-dependent transport simulations. A range of plasma conditions is examined for JET, JT-60U and DIII-D discharges with internal transport barriers (ITBs). The simulations show that the Bohm/GyroBohm model is able to follow the time evolution of the discharge from the preheating phase without an ITB through the ITB onset phase until the high performance phase with fair accuracy in most cases in JET and JT-60U. This indicates the importance of the interplay between the magnetic shear and omega(ExB) flow shear in ITB formation since these are the mechanisms that govern the ITB physics in the model. In order to achieve good agreement in DIII-D, the alpha-stabilization had to be included in the model, emphasizing the role played by the alpha-stabilization in the physics of the ITBs. The Weiland and GLF23 transport models show limited agreement between the model predictions and experimental time evolution of the ITB and kinetic plasma profiles. The Weiland model does not form a clear ITB in any of the three tokamaks despite varying plasma profiles, such as the q-profile. On the other hand, the average temperatures and density are often in fair agreement with experimental values. The GLF23 model often predicts an ITB, but its radial location is often too far inside the plasma, or shrinks as the simulations proceed in time. Consequently, the central temperatures at the end of the simulations during the high performance phase are usually underestimated. It is worth noting that GLF23 features in general better predictions of the T(e) and T(i) profiles outside the ITB than the other models studied.
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 46 (2006), PP. 548-561
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/46/5/007
Record Number: 200719108 / Last updated on: 2007-04-11
Original language: en
Available languages: en