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Reflectometry with wavelengths in the centimetre to millimetre-wave range will be used in ITER to measure the density profile in the main plasma and divertor regions and to measure the plasma position and shape in order to provide a reference for the magnetic diagnostics in long pulses. In addition, it is expected to provide key information for the measurement of density fluctuations. A set of reflectometers to meet the relevant ITER measurement requirements has been included in its present outline as part of the ITER design since 2001 and is being adapted to the present ITER baseline and to accommodate progress with reflectometry techniques and measurement capabilities. It comprises low and high field side (HFS and LFS, respectively) ordinary (O-) mode systems for the measurement of the density profile in the gradient regions, a LFS extraordinary (X-) mode system for the detailed study of the edge profile, an HFS X-mode system operating in the left hand cutoff to measure the core profile, a dedicated O-mode system for plasma-wall gap measurement and a multi-band, multiple line of sight O-mode system to measure divertor density profiles. This paper describes the evolution of the design, in particular some recent improvements in the engineering implementation and improvements aimed at enhancing the measurement capability. It concludes with a brief assessment of the likely measurement performance against the ITER measurement requirements for the parameters of interest and the overall confidence that the technique will be implanted on ITER.

Additional information

Authors: VAYAKIS G et al, ITER International Team, Naka Joint Work Site, Ibaraki (JP)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 46 (2006), pp. S836-S845
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