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Abstract

Backscattering of a microwave beam close to the cut-off allows for measurement of density fluctuations ñ(k) at a specified wave-number, selected by the scattering geometry k=-2k(i), where k(i) is the beam wave-number at the reflection layer. On the Doppler reflectometry system installed on Tore Supra, both the scattering wave-number k and the scattering localization (r/a) can be changed during the shot owing to the steppable probing frequency and the motorized antenna. Operating in O mode, the spatial and wave-number ranges depend essentially on density profile, typically probing 0.5<r/a<0.95 and 2<k<15cm{-1}. Wave number spectra are similar to those obtained with conventional scattering systems. The perpendicular fluctuation velocity in the laboratory frame is obtained from the Doppler shift of the frequency spectrum Delta omega = k v. It is dominated by the plasma E(r) x B velocity. In the core, the latter is mainly due to the projection of the toroidal velocity, as this is shown by comparison with measurements by charge exchange recombination spectroscopy. In the set of analysed Tore Supra ohmic and ICRH plasmas, the observed rotation is consistent with a poloidal velocity in the electron diamagnetic direction and/or a toroidal velocity in the counter current direction. The detailed structure of the velocity profile, at the edge and in different plasma regimes, allows us then to get information on the radial electric field distribution. The dynamics of the fluctuation velocity can be studied from the time frequency analysis of the signal, for investigating intermittent behaviour and transient regimes.

Additional information

Authors: HENNEQUIN P, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);HONORÉ C, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);TRUC A, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);QUÉMÉNEUR A, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);FENZI-BONIZEC C, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);BOURDELLE C, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);GARBET X, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR);HOANG G T, Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 46 (2006), pp. S771-S779
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/46/9/S12
Record Number: 200719123 / Last updated on: 2007-04-11
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en