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Toroidal and poloidal momentum transport studies in JET

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM


This paper reports on the recent studies of toroidal and poloidal momentum transport in JET. The ratio of the global energy confinement time to the momentum confinement is found to be close to tau(E)/tau Phi = 1 except for the low density or low collisionality discharges where the ratio is tau(E)/tau Phi = 2-3. On the other hand, local transport analysis of around 40 discharges shows that the ratio of the local effective momentum diffusivity to the ion heat diffusivity is Chi Phi/Chi(i) ~ 0.1-0.4 rather than unity, as expected from the global confinement times and used often in ITER predictions. The apparent discrepancy in the global and local momentum versus ion heat transport can be at least partly explained by the fact that momentum confinement within edge pedestal is worse than that of the ion heat and thus, momentum pedestal is weaker than that of ion temperature. In addition, while the ion temperature profile shows clearly strong profile stiffness, the toroidal velocity profile does not exhibit stiffness, as exemplified here during a giant ELM crash. Predictive transport simulations with the self-consistent modelling of toroidal velocity using the Weiland model and GLF23 also confirm that the ratio Chi Phi/Chi(i) ~ 0.4 reproduces the core toroidal velocity profiles well and similar accuracy with the ion temperature profiles. Concerning poloidal velocities on JET, the experimental measurements show that the carbon poloidal velocity can be an order of magnitude above the neo-classical estimate within the ITB. This significantly affects the calculated radial electric field and therefore, the E x B flow shear used for example in transport simulations. Both the Weiland model and GLF23 reproduce the onset, location and strength of the ITB well when the experimental poloidal velocity is used while they do not predict the formation of the ITB using the neo-classical poloidal velocity in time-dependent transport simulation.

Additional information

Authors: TALA T et al, Association EURATOM-Tekes, VTT (FI)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 47 (2007), pp. 1012-1023
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at:
Record Number: 200719383 / Last updated on: 2007-09-11
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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