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Pellet ablation and mass deposition in FTU: analysis of vertical and low field side injection experiments

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM

Abstract

Pellet injection is considered the most promising technique to fuel ITER plasmas. However, standard low field side (LFS) pellet injection seems inadequate for an efficient fuelling of the plasma core because it is too demanding in terms of injection velocity. Alternative configurations, as injection from the high field side (HFS) or vertically from the top of the machine (VHFS) are technologically less demanding due to a drift of the ablated material down the magnetic field gradient, which helps its penetration. In the past year LFS and VHFS pellet injection experiments have been performed on the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU: B(T) = 8 T, Ip = 1.5 MA, R = 93.5 cm, a = 30 cm), a circular cross-section device with a molybdenum toroidal limiter located on the HFS. The rationale of these experiments was to study the advantages of VHFS injection in a high toroidal field machine, where the value of B(T) can be considered as representative of that in ITER. The results demonstrate that the main advantage of VHFS injection (with respect to LFS) is that it allows one to obtain the same post-pellet density profile with an injection speed 2-3 times lower than that required in the case of LFS injection. However no significant displacement of the ablated material was observed, possibly due to the small value of the B-induced drift in these ohmic, low beta plasmas. The experimental measurements were compared to the predictions of the drift model (Pégourié B. et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 44) showing a reasonable agreement in both the magnitude of the drift and the main features of the line integrated density during pellet ablution.

Additional information

Authors: TERRANOVA D, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Consorzio RFX, Padova (IT);GARZOTTI L, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Consorzio RFX, Padova (IT);MARTINI S, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Consorzio RFX, Padova (IT);PÉGOURIÉ B, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR) Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Centro.Richerche Energia ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (IT);NEHME H, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR) Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Centro.Richerche Energia ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (IT);FRIGIONE D, ;GIOVANNOZZI E, ;TUDISCO O,
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 47 (2007), pp. 288-296
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1088/0029-5515/47/4/007
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