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The issue of civil society as a 'key research actor in the European Research Area' needs to be specified with regard to the mandated field of analysis. There is a need of defining what shall be understood by knowledge and knowledge production insofar as this is the central field of social activity that this prospective analysis looks at. There is also a very special need for further clarifications related to the specific actor of civil society: - as far as civil society has to be distinguished from other actors like industry, which sometimes are seen as part of civil society; and - as far as especially civil society is also in several other aspects a very open concept, much more open than the perception of other actor groups. Both the underlying conceptions of the field of knowledge production and of the actor civil society have to be outlined before trends, key drivers and scenarios can be looked at. Both concepts are understood very broadly here, according to the recent scientific and political discourses. That is even more the case for this exploratory analysis, which has to focus on new emerging dynamics which are based on the drastically changing forms of civil society, knowledge production and their mutual linkages. Having said that, it becomes evident that the conceptions of knowledge production and civil society are interdependent ones and should be framed in an approximately coherent way.

Additional information

Authors: No author stated, European Commission, DG Research, Brussels (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 22962 EN (2007), 229 pp. Free of charge
Availability: (Catalogue Number: KI-NA-22962-EN-C)
ISBN: ISBN: 978-92-79-06386-2
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