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Between 2000 and 2005 Europe suffered more than 100 floods, including 9 major flood disasters. These major flood events caused 155 casualties and economic losses of more than EUR 35 billion. Furthermore the material flood damage of 2002 is estimated to be higher than in any previous single year (Barredo, 2007). Indeed there is an increase in the frequency of years with very high damage produced by major flood disasters in Europe. Two years of the current decade, i.e. 2000 and 2002, are among the worst concerning losses in the last 36-year period (Barredo, 2007). Despite the relevance of the issue, there is a need for comprehensive, standardised and georeferenced information on floods. Relevant, accurate and up-to-date data is important for political and economic decision-making. In Europe, historical data on flood disasters are neither comprehensive nor standardised, thus making difficult long-term analyses at continental level. In this study we present the map of the major flood disasters of the last 56 years in the European Union. This work is a contribution towards a better understanding of the occurrence and distribution of major flood disasters in Europe. Information from the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT1) and NATHAN2 of Munich Re has been assessed for the production of the map. See Barredo (2007) for an in-deep description of the methods and results of this study.

Additional information

Authors: BARREDO J I, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);GENOVESE E, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2007, 2 pp. Free of charge
Availability: (Catalogue Number: LB-X1-07-022-EN-N)
Record Number: 200719560 / Last updated on: 2007-10-29
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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