JRC Ispra EMEP - GAW regional station for atmospheric research
The aim of the JRC-Ispra station for atmospheric research (45°49'N 8°38' E) is to monitor atmospheric parameters (pollutant concentrations and fluxes, atmospheric particle chemical composition, number size distribution and optical properties) to contribute in assessing the impact of European policies on air pollution and climate change. The station has been operated continuously since November 1985, with a gap in gas phase data due to a severe breakdown of the data acquisition system in 2003 though. The measurements performed in 2005 led to annual averages of ca. 43 µg m-3 O3, 4 µg m-3 SO2, 16 µg m-3 NO2, 0.8 mg m-3 CO and 41 µg m-3 PM10. Carbonaceous species (organic matter plus elemental carbon) are the main constituents of both PM10 and PM2.5 (> 50%) followed by (NH4)2SO4 and NH4NO3 (a bit less than 20% each). The measurements confirmed the seasonal variations observed over the previous years, mainly driven by meteorology rather than by changes in emissions. Aerosol physical and optical properties were measured from 2004. The average particle number (from 6 nm to 10 µm) was about 10000 cm-3 in 2005. The mean (close to dry) aerosol single scattering albedo (a key parameter for determining the aerosol direct radiative forcing) was 0.80. Long-term trends (over 20 years) show decreases in sulfur concentrations and deposition, and in extreme ozone value occurrence frequency. The decreasing trends in nitrogen oxides, reduced nitrogen species, and PM concentrations are much less marked.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 22869 EN (2007),various paging. Free of charge
Availability: Katalogue Number: LB-NA-22869-EN-C The PDF version can be downloaded from: http://bookshop.europa.eu
Record Number: 200819784 / Last updated on: 2008-05-05
Original language: en
Available languages: en