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Abstract

This review collects information on sources of aquatic toxicity data and computational tools for estimation of chemical toxicity to aquatic organisms, such as expert systems and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models. The review also captures current thinking of what constitutes an integrated testing strategy (ITS) for this endpoint. The emphasis of the review is on the usefulness of the models and for the regulatory assessment of chemicals, particularly for the purposes of the new European legislation for the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), which entered into force on 1 June 2007. Effects on organisms from three trophic levels (fish, Daphnia and algae) were subject of this review. In addition to traditional data sources such as databases, papers publishing experimental data are also identified. Models for narcoses, general (global) models as well as models for specific chemical classes and mechanisms of action are summarised. Where possible, models were included in a form allowing reproduction without consultation with the original paper. This review builds on work carried out in the framework of the REACH Implementation Projects, and is compiled here as a contribution to the EU funded Integrated Project, OSIRIS.

Additional information

Authors: NETZEVA T, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Ispra (IT);PAVAN M, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Ispra (IT);WORTH A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 22943 EN (2007), 118 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Katalogue Number: LB-NA-22943-EN-C The PDF version can be downloaded from: http://bookshop.europa.eu
Record Number: 200819815 / Last updated on: 2008-05-05
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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