Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

The safety of gas cooled reactors (High Temperature Reactors (HTR), Very High Temperature Reactors (VHTR) or Gas Cooled Fast Reactors (GFR)) must be ensured by systems (active or passive) which maintain loads on component (fuel) and structures (vessel, containment) within acceptable limits under accidental conditions. To achieve this objective, thermal-hydraulics computer codes are necessary tools to design, enhance the performance and ensure a high safety level of the different reactors. Some key safety questions are related to the evaluation of decay heat removal and containment pressure and thermal loads. This requires accurate simulations of conduction, convection, thermal radiation transfers and energy storage. Coupling with neutronics is also an important modeling aspect for the determination of representative parameters such as neutronics coefficient (Doppler coefficient, Moderator coeffcient,...), critical position of control rods, reactivity insertion aspects. For GFR, the high power density of the core and its necessary reduced dimension cannot rely only on passive systems for decay heat removal. Therefore, forced convection using active safety systems (gas blowers, heat exchangers,...) are highly recommended. Nevertheless, in case of station black-out, the safety demonstration of the concept should be guaranteed by natural circulation heat removal. This could be performed by keeping a relatively high back-up pressure for pure helium convection and also by heavy gas injection. So, it is also necessary to model mixing of different gases, the on-set of natural convection and the pressure and thermal loads onto the proximate or guard containment. In this paper, we report on the developments of the CAST3M/ARCTURUS thermal-hydraulics (Lumped Parameter and CFD) code developed at CEA, including its coupling to the neutronics code CRONOS2 and the system code CATHARE.

Additional information

Authors: STUDER E, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);BECCANTINI A, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);GOUNAND S, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);DABBENE F, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);MAGNAUD J P, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);PAILLÈRE H, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);LIMAIEM I, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);DAMIAN F, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);GOLFIER H, C.E.A. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (FR);BASSI C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);GARNIER J C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Volume 237, Issues 15-17 (2007), 15 pp.
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2007.03.016
Record Number: 200819858 / Last updated on: 2008-06-24
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en