Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Backcasting approach for sustainable mobility

Funded under: FP7-JRC


In transport policies planning forecasting scenario studies are very common. Problems are assessed due to current and future transport activities, based on the continuation of current socio economic trends. During the last years, backcasting approach has been applied in the transport planning highlighting its efficiency in indicating policy pathway for the complex transport market and to achieve a sustainable transport system. The choice of this approach to design scenarios of sustainable mobility is supported by its appropriateness when the policy targets do not seem to be reached by adjustments to a business-as-usual development. Indeed, scenarios based on backcasting may be capable of generating new policy directions needed if transportation is to become environmentally sustainable (OECD, 2002a). As example of the suitability of backcasting approach to design a sustainable mobility policy path, this report develops two scenarios based on two different images of future to reduce EU CO2 emissions by 50% by 2050 and to indicate policy packages to achieve this target. The indications are illustrative rather than perspective. They indicate the type and magnitude of the responses that might be expected from the examined polices, rather than representing recommendations to undertake the simulated policy actions. The choice of including sustainability issues and backcasting visions in transport planning is more a political challenge than a scientific one.

Additional information

Authors: MIOLA A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 23387 EN (2008), 74 pp. Free of charge
Availability: (Catalogue Number: LB-NA-23387-EN-C)
ISBN: ISBN: 978-92-79-09189-6
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