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JET confinement studies and their scaling to high beta(N), ITER scenarios

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM


The ITER hybrid scenario aims to exploit non-inductive current drive to enable burn times in excess of 1000 s. To achieve this, and optimize fusion performance, requires high beta(N) (the plasma pressure normalized to a stability scaling) and energy confinement equal to or greater than that predicted for the baseline scenario. This paper discusses results from the JET candidate hybrid scenario, where beta(N,MHD) smaller or eqall to 3.6 plasmas have been produced. Despite a different initial phase, confinement relevant plasma parameters evolve rapidly towards those of equivalent ELMy H-modes and are well described by IPB98. In contrast to previous ELMy H-mode studies, a dedicated beta scan experiment in the JET hybrid candidate scenario shows a strong negative dependence of global confinement on beta(N). Analysis indicates that the core transport remains consistent with weakly dependent electrostatic transport, whilst the edge confinement decreases strongly with increasing beta(N). By combining global confinement data from ASDEX Upgrade, DIII-D and JET hybrid scenario discharges, a multi-machine database is produced. In contrast to the JET case, confinement in ASDEX Upgrade and DIII-D is shown to be inconsistent with IPB98(y, 2) and alternative dependences are explored.

Additional information

Authors: MCDONALD D C et al, JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 50 (2008), 10 pp
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