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Using the Vincenta code to analyse pressure increases in helium during the quench of a superconducting magnet

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM


The Vincenta code is used to simulate the pressure increases in helium in case of a quench in the superconducting coils. We focus on two classes of coil in which helium is in direct contact with the conductor: coils consisting of cable-in-conduit conductors (as in ITER or JT-60SA), in which supercritical helium is forced through long channels; and bath-cooled coils, in which static helium is confined in short channels perpendicular to the conductor and opening into a bath (as in Tore Supra or Iseult). Various physical phenomena are responsible for the pressure increases in helium, which is subjected to strong heat flux in the conductor during a quench: at the local level, i.e. in the heated channels, the inertial forces that must be overcome to expel the fluid and the friction forces due to the induced velocity; at the global level, i.e. throughout the cryogenic system, the adiabatic compression of non-heated volumes hydraulically connected to the heated channels. Here we analyse the thermohydraulic behaviour of helium to highlight the dominant phenomena, according to the geometry of the helium flow paths. The results are applied to numerical simulation of the pressure rise in case of quench in a JT-60SA cable-in-conduit conductor (CICC) and in the bath-cooled Iseult coil.

Additional information

Authors: MEURIS C, CEA Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (FR);ABDEL MAKSOUD W, CEA Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (FR);NICOLLET S, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Cryogenics, 2009
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: article published in: Cryogenics.2009.08.003
Record Number: 200910294 / Last updated on: 2009-09-22
Original language: en
Available languages: en