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Direct carbothermic reduction of actinide oxalates: Example of Nd(III) oxalate-carbon mixtures conversion

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM

Abstract

Mixed uranium-plutonium monocarbide was obtained by carbothermic reduction of mixture of UO(2), PUO(2) and C at around 1500 °C under vacuum or argon for 4 h followed by sintering at around 1650 °C under mixture of Ar + 8%H2 for 10 h. Moreover, PUO(2) was synthesized by oxalic precipitation followed by calcination at around 700 °C (PUREX process). This work deals with a process simplification, i.e. fabrication of carbide by calcination of actinide oxalate, precipitated in presence of carbon, at 1600 °C for 13 h under argon. In this preliminary study, neodymium was used as a surrogate of actinides. No carbon influence was noticed during calcination of neodymium oxalate into oxide. Carbon content was the same before and after calcination making possible conversion to carbide directly from mixture of neodymium oxalate and C.

Additional information

Authors: HANDSCHUH A, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);DUBOIS S, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);VAUDEZ S, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);GRANDJEAN S, CEA Valrhô Marcoule, Bagnols-sur-Ceze (FR);LETURCQ G, CEA Valrhô Marcoule, Bagnols-sur-Ceze (FR);ABRAHAM F, UCCS - Equipe Chimie du Solide, Villeneuve-d'Ascq (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: Plutonium Futures "The Science" 2008 Organised by: CEA Held at: Dijon Convention Center (FR)
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2008.10.040
Record Number: 200910333 / Last updated on: 2009-09-22
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en