Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP7

Development of a Laser Ablation System Kit (LASK) for Tokamak in vessel tritium and dust inventory control

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM

Abstract

During Tokamak operation, Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) are subjected to severe interaction with plasma. As a consequence and independently of the PFCs composition, materials eroded and then re-deposited in the form of layers on the surfaces, can flake and produce dusts. These fragile structures are able to trap part of the hydrogenated species (tritium for example) in vessel inventory. For safety reasons, it is mandatory to measure and to control vessel dust and tritium inventory.
Up to now, laser techniques are a part of the most promising methods able to solve these ITER open issues. Of special interest are laser systems loaded on a miniature tool that can be attached to a Multi Purpose Deployer (MPD) and used for laser treatments (détritiation and other), for PFCs chemical analysis as well as for micro particles recovery of dust produced during laser ablation.
Such a system (Laser Ablation System Kit: LASK) is currently under development at IRFM and the following presentation will describe the current achievements of this project and the perspectives.
In this paper, we will present an innovative compact system, which, loaded on a Multi Purpose Deployer, could allow operation in a harsh environment (pressure range from atmospheric to Ultra High Vacuum and temperature up to 120°C).
According to the process conditions, different treatments can be performed: at low laser fluence, PFCs thermal treatment will be expected, while at high laser fluence material will be ablated allowing Dust (and T) recovery as well as chemical analysis of material. This "in-line" chemical analysis based on Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) enables the ablation process to be controlled and preserves the substrate integrity.

Additional information

Authors: ROCHE H, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);POCHEAU C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);GRISOLIA C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);GARGIULO L, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);SEMEROK A, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette (FR);VARTY A, Laboratoire Lasers, Marseille (FR);DELAPORTE P, Laboratoire Lasers, Marseille (FR);MERCADIER L, Laboratoire Lasers, Marseille (FR);HERNANDEZ C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: 25th Symposium on Fusion Technology - (SOFT-25) Organised by: Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik Held at: HanseMesse Rostock (DE)
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2008.12.033
Record Number: 200910339 / Last updated on: 2009-09-22
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en