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FP7

Recent contribution of JET to the ITER physics

Funded under: FP7-EURATOM

Abstract

In recent years the JET scientific programme has focussed on addressing physics issues essential for the consolidation of design choices and the efficient exploitation of ITER in parallel to qualifying ITER operating scenarios and developing advanced control tools. This paper reports on recent achievements in the following areas: mitigation of edge localised modes (ELMs), effects of toroidal field (TF) ripple, advanced tokamak scenarios, material migration and fuel retention. Active methods have been developed to mitigate ELMs without adversely affecting confinement. A systematic characterisation of the edge plasma, pedestal energy and ELMs, and their impact on plasma-facing components as well as their compatibility with material limits has been performed. The unique JET capability of varying the TF ripple from its normal low value deltaB(T) = 0.08% up to deltaB(T) = 1% has been used to elucidate the role of TF ripple on confinement and ELMs. Increased TF ripple in ELMy H-mode plasmas is found to have a detrimental effect on plasma stored energy and density, especially at low collisionality. The development of ITER advanced tokamak scenarios has been pursued. In particular, beta(N) values above the 'no-wall limit' (beta(N) ~ 3.0) have been sustained for a resistive time. Gas balance studies combined with shot-resolved measurements from deposition monitors and divertor spectroscopy have confirmed the strong role of fuel co-deposition with carbon in the retention mechanism through long-range migration and also provided further evidence for the important role of ELMs in the material migration process within the JET inner divertor leg.

Additional information

Authors: ROMANELLI F, EFDA Close Support Unit, Garching (DE);PAMELA J, EFDA Close Support Unit, Garching (DE);KAMENDJE R, Institut für Theoretische Physik-Computational Physics, Technische Universität Graz, Graz (AT);WATKINS M L, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);SARTORI F, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);DE VRIES P C, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);BERZINSEK S, Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Association EURATOM/FZJ, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Jülich (DE);LIANG Y, Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Association EURATOM/FZJ, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Jülich (DE);LITAUDON X, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);LOARER T, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);MOREAU D, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);MAZON D, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);SAIBENE G, Fusion for Energy Joint Undertaking, Barcelona (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: 25th Symposium on Fusion Technology - (SOFT-25) Organised by: Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik Held at: HanseMesse Rostock (DE)
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2008.11.088
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