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Abstract

The goal of the FP7 UNCOSS project (Underwater Coastal Sea Surveyor) is to develop a non destructive explosive detection system based on the associated particle technique, in view to improve the security of coastal area and naval infrastructures where violent conflicts took place. The end product of the project will be a prototype of a complete coastal survey system, including a neutron-based sensor capable of confirming the presence of explosives on the sea bottom. A 3D analysis of prompt gamma rays induced by 14 MeV neutrons will be performed to identify elements constituting common military explosives, such as C, N and O. This paper presents calculations performed with the MCNPX computer code to support the ongoing design studies performed by the UNCOSS collaboration. Detection efficiencies, time and energy resolutions of the possible gamma-ray detectors are compared, which show NaI(Tl) or LaBr(3)(Ce) scintillators will be suitable for this application. The effect of neutron attenuation and scattering in the seawater, influencing the counting statistics and signal-to-noise ratio, are also studied with calculated neutron time-of-flight and gamma-ray spectra for an underwater TNT target.

Additional information

Authors: ELEON C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);PEROT B, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);CARASCO C, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Article in Press, October 2009
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2009.10.128
Record Number: 201010055 / Last updated on: 2010-01-13
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en