Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

This project investigated improvements in power line communications (PLC), condition monitoring techniques and diagnostic aids, together with improving audible communication systems underground. The work on PLC investigated narrow-band, low data rate technologies and high data bandwidth broadband PLC technologies. It is concluded that broadband PLC technologies cannot currently meet the requirements of providing backbone communications in mining and that fibre-optic methods offer better performance. However, short range broadband applications are feasible and an innovative voice and data transmission system, including remote control features, has been developed for coalface communications, using radiofrequency and digital voice technologies not previously used for this application. This system accommodates all the new digital interfaces: Bluetooth, PLC, twisted pair cables, etc. The condition monitoring research has led to a suite of new specialised ATEX-certified sensors together with the development of new vibration signature tracking and classification devices and methods, which provide an early indication of incipient failure. Particular value of these methods is anticipated with coalface equipment. A further component of the work examined the practicability of implementing noise reduction techniques in mining communications systems and noisy workplaces by means of active noise cancellation (ANC). Whilst ANC-based techniques would not be currently cost-effective, several other practical communication improvements are worth considering further. These include new hearing protector technologies and a simple but effective 'waveshape compressor' to improve speech dynamic range in communication systems. A final component of the project examined the issue of mining alerts and alarms, where significant advances in signal design tools have been made.

Additional information

Authors: MYSZKOWSKI M, DMT GmbH, Essen (DE);RELLECKE R, DMT GmbH, Essen (DE);WIDERA K, DMT GmbH, Essen (DE);BEDFORD M, Mines Rescue Services, Mansfield (UK);BENNETT S, Mines Rescue Services, Mansfield (UK);BRENKLEY D, Mines Rescue Services, Mansfield (UK);TALBOT C, Mines Rescue Services, Mansfield (UK);RODRÍGUEZ A, Aitemin, Madrid (ES);DEL VALLE J, Aitemin, Madrid (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 23196 EN (2008), 144 pp. Euro: 20
Availability: Katalogue Number: KI-NA-23196-EN-S The paper version can be ordered online and the PDF version downloaded at: http://bookshop.europa.eu
ISBN: ISBN: 978-92-79-08172-9
Record Number: 201010075 / Last updated on: 2010-01-22
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en