Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Collaborative cardiovascular research in the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme - Activities supported in the period 2007-2009

Funded under: FP7-HEALTH


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of death worldwide and is projected to remain in this position in the future. It is actually a class of diseases, congenital and acquired, which affect the structure and/or function of the heart and the blood vessels, and which can include:
- coronary artery disease (including heart attack)
- hypertension
- stroke
- aortic disease
- vascular disease (blood vessel disease)
- congenital heart disease
- heart valve disease
- heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)
- abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias
- heart failure.
Most cardiovascular diseases are chronic conditions which develop or persist over a long period of time. However, cardiovascular disease sometimes leads to an acute event, such as a heart attack or stroke, which occurs suddenly when a vessel supplying blood to the heart or brain becomes blocked. Both coronary artery disease and stroke are associated with atherosclerosis - the build up of fatty deposits and debris in the inner walls of blood vessels. Since these diseases occur more frequently in people who smoke, who have high blood pressure, who have high blood cholesterol, who are overweight, who do not exercise and/or who have diabetes, many of them can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices, such as improved diet, avoiding smoking, controlling blood pressure, lowering blood cholesterol, exercising regularly and maintaining good control of blood glucose in case of concomitant diabetes.

Additional information

Authors: No author stated, European Commission, DG Research, Brussels (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 24046 EN (2009), 86 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Katalogue Number: KI-NA-24046-EN-C The paper version can be ordered online and the PDF version downloaded at:
ISBN: ISBN: 978-92-79-12802-8
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