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In the context of European Policy, in December 2005, the Council called upon the European Commission (EC) to make a proposal to develop a Directive on the identification and designation of European Critical Infrastructure (ECI). The original focus on terrorist threats later evolved into an all hazards approach. The severity of consequences and European dimension are to be assessed on the basis of Public, Economic, Environmental and Psychological effects, whilst owners/operators of ECI need to establish a "Sector" specific operator plan, including identification of assets, risk analysis and countermeasure prioritization. The EC is developing cross-cutting criteria to support the process of ECI identification on the basis of severity of consequences of disruption or destruction of the infrastructure. For the "Energy Sector" an improved understanding of the criticality of gas supply routes and infrastructure is desirable and it is anticipated that a model of the transnational gas pipeline network would assist in the process of assessing the usefulness of the cross-cutting criteria applied to this sector. Building on previous work undertaken within the SARES Action, a methodology is being developed using detailed gas pipeline network modeling software to help identify elements of a network that may be considered to be critical. Gas has a key role in the energy supply future of the EC, with growth anticipated to rise from currently one fifth, to one third of total energy supply within the next 25 years, most of this increase for electricity generation. Up to 66% of gas may be derived from imports, these being essentially supplied through pipelines traversing the Russian Federation and the Commonwealth of Independent States, although an increasing quantity will be provided by sea transportation of LNG (Liquid Natural Gas).

Additional information

Authors: PRIDE R, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 23434 EN (2008), 73 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Katalogue Number: LB-NA-23434-EN-C The PDF version downloaded from:
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