Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The rationale of motherhood choices: influences of employment conditions and of public policies

Project ID: HPSE-CT-2001-00096


The main objectives of the project are to examine how motherhood decisions in European Member States are affected by labour market conditions, and how public policies can be developed at national and European levels to promote shared responsibility for parenthood among dual career couples. The state of the art report reviews available research in this field and presents it in a comparative setting.

The following key conclusions were reached:
- Fertility levels are below the replacement rate of 2.1 child per adult female in all European Member States;
- Highly educated women wait longer than less well-educated women to have a baby. But viewed over the life cycle, mothers tend to accumulate less human capital than childless women;
- There is little difference between the EU Member States in terms of results. For all countries studied, an increase in the range of childcare facilities and an improvement in their quality generates a strong effect on mothers� employment rates;
- A number of European countries have a long way to go before they meet the 60% employment target for women by 2010. However, countries could be aided by the development of certain social policies and by sociological and psychological factors.

The report is published as EUR 20792 for the European Commission, DG Research. It was financed by Key Action "Improving the Socio-economic Knowledge Base" of the 5th Framework Programme (1998-2002).

Download application/pdf (1328414)

Record Number: 2378 / Last updated on: 2003-08-19
Category: PROJ