Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


This paper presents a theory that proposes a comprehensive set of ten motivationally distinct basic values derived from universal requirements of the human condition. It goes on to describe an instrument designed especially for the ESS to measure these ten values.

This is an abstract of a paper given by Shalom Schwartz (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel) at the conference "Measuring attitudes and values in Europe" - European Social Survey Launch Conference, Brussels, 25-26 November 2003. Further details of the conference are available on CORDIS at: A full version of the paper may possibly be available on that site after the conference.

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