Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


There is by now a large body of theoretical and empirical research that supports an active Science and Technology (S&T) Policy. In the case of the European Union (EU), a complex nexus of S&T policies are already in place at three levels of govern ance: European Union, EU member state, and local/regional. Core S&T policy concerns of the EU include raising the competitiveness of European industry, developing a European "economic space" and European "research area", narrowing the "technology gap" amon g EU member states, and improving the economic and social cohesion within the region. These pan -European goals require policies to enhance linkages among knowledge -intensive activities in different EU member states and regions.
Contemporary S&T policies a re complex both in terms of programme coverage and implementation. The complexity is due to the effect on policy making of intensified global competition, political and economic constraints, and significant advances over the past fifteen years in our under standing of the process of technological advance. These advances have led to a better understanding of the impact of technological innovation on competitive advantage and economic growth, and the direct and indirect effects of an accelerating pace of innovation on modern economies. One must add to these the development of a theory of National Innovation Systems (NIS), which has emphasized the institutional and spatial dimensions of the technological innovation process.

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Record Number: 6698 / Last updated on: 2005-01-21
Category: PROJ