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Review of Molten Salt Reactor Technology, MOST Final Report (Period November 2001 to October 2004)

Project ID: FIKI-CT-2001-20183
Funded under: FP5-EAECTP C


The present report is the final report of the MOST project, conducted from November 2001 to October 2004, in the 5th Euratom framework programme.
The project produced a series of deliverables constituting an extensive and structured review of existing knowledge on Molten Salts (MS) and Molten Salt Reactors (MSR). These reports address the following domains: systems and scenarios, reactor physics, design and nominal operating conditions, systems and components, economical aspects, structural materials, chemical aspects, fuel processing and safety. All the documents written during the project (delivrables, progress reports, minutes of meetings) have been stored in the MOST European database created in the frame of the project. The database, which can be accessed via Internet, also includes a significant number of documents that served as the basis for the review work performed in MOST.
The review concludes on the high potential of MSR systems to respond to the goals and criteria assigned to future nuclear systems, namely:
- optimum use of fissile materials, with low in-core and fuel cycle inventory along with breeding capabilities in a thermal spectrum, allowing long term sustainability and improved proliferation resistance,
- minimized production of long-lived wastes, especially in thorium fuel cycle,
- flexible waste management due to high burn-up and on-site reprocessing,
- high energy conversion efficiency,
- favourable safety characteristics.

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