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Proposal for a Council Decision issuing directives to the Commission for the negotiation of the amendments to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, COM(2005) 199 final

Funded under: FP6-EURATOM

Abstract

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) was signed in 1980 and entered into force in 1987. 106 states and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) are parties to the CPPNM. All the Member States of the European Union are parties of the CPPNM.
In accordance with Article 18.4a) of the CPPNM, Euratom signed the CPPNM on 13. 6. 1980 and acceded to it on 6.10 1991.
The objective of the CPPNM is, in particular, to apply the measures of physical protection during the international transport of nuclear materials.
In 1999 a number of countries indicated that the CPPNM was not comprehensive and in need of a revision, mainly because it did not cover certain major aspects of physical protection. Shortcomings were identified in the protection of material in domestic use, storage, and transport. Moreover the convention does not deal adequately with the protection of nuclear facilities against malicious acts. In order to answer these concerns the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) set up in June 2001 an "Open-Ended Group of Legal and Technical Experts to Prepare a draft Amendment of the CPPNM - to discuss, whether there is a need to revise the CPPNM".
The group met six times in Vienna (the first meeting took place on 3rd December 2001). The European Commission participated in all the meetings of the group. The group concluded its work in March 2003 establishing a final report to which the draft amendment was enclosed. It was circulated to all Parties to the CPPNM, including also the Commission on behalf of Euratom.
However, as this first proposal for the amendment contained a number of bracketed clauses on which no common agreement was achieved during the discussions, no majority of Parties was found to convene the Amendment Conference.

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Record Number: 7220 / Last updated on: 2006-02-23
Category: COM DOCUMENT