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Communication from the Commission: The support of electricity from renewable energy sources, COM(2005) 627 final

Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV


Increasing the share of renewables in the EU electricity has well recognised benefits mainly in particular:
- Improved security of energy supply.
- Enhanced competitive edge for the EU in the renewable energies technology industries.
- Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions by the EU power sector.
- Mitigation of regional and local pollutant emissions.
- Improved economic and social prospects especially for rural and isolated regions.
Therefore the European Union aims to have renewable energy sources providing 21% of the electricity by the year 2010 (see Annex 1). This target has been formulated in the Directive 2001/77/EC on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market, which has also set differentiated targets for each Member State.
The Directive further stipulates that Member States have to provide better grid access for renewable energy generators, streamline and facilitate authorisation procedures and to establish a system of guarantees of origin.
The dedicated public support for penetration of green electricity in the electricity market is justified because the benefits listed above are not (or only partially) captured by the net added value fetched by operators in the value chain of renewables-based electricity.
Under the Directive, Member States have set up individual RES-E (electricity from renewable energy source) targets. They are free to choose their preferred support mechanism in order to achieve the targets and/or are allowed to continue to do so for a transitional period of at least seven years after a new EU-wide regulatory framework would be adopted. Article 4 of the Directive states that, not later than 27 October 2005, the Commission shall present a well documented report on experience gained with the application and coexistence of the different mechanisms used in Member States.

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Record Number: 7256 / Last updated on: 2006-03-20
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