Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP5

The Rationale of Motherhood choices: Influence of Employment Conditions and Public Policies, MOCHO final project report, EUR 22025

Project ID: HPSE-CT-2001-00096
Funded under: FP5-HUMAN POTENTIAL

Abstract

The main purpose of this project is to analyse the influence of labour market conditions and social policies on the fertility decisions of young people in order to contribute to the design of better policies at European and national levels to facilitate combination of parenthood and work.
The conclusion to the final report establishes links between the three chapters. How is women's labour market attachment interacting with their fertility choices and how do public policies intervene? A substitution effect and an income effect play in opposite directions for women. The income effect is generally found to determine men's, and more particularly fathers', choices whereas for women, it is much less clear to what extent both effects interact in their employment and fertility decisions. An outline and discussion is presented of the different types of employment costs induced by motherhood. A general description of adjustment mechanisms regarding fertility and labour market activity in relation to public policies follows, a framework which is then applied to the set of countries studied. On the basis of this work, a country typology is established to reflect differences in the generosity of public policies towards dual-earner families with children throughout the former EU-15.

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Record Number: 7272 / Last updated on: 2006-03-29
Category: PROJ