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The Political Economy of Migration in and Integrating Europe, Final Report

Project ID: HPSE-CT-2001-00059


The main aim of the project �The Political Economy of Migration in an Integrating Europe� was to understand the decision process regarding labour recruitment made by national and multinational companies. The project have been focussed in particular on different outcomes of such decisions in terms of international recruitment and labour mobility under the impact of different welfare provisions, fiscal systems and policy, institutional and regulatory frameworks. The research was carried out in three sectors - construction, health and ICT - and in six European countries: Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. As stated in the application, the main aim of the PEMINT project was to understand how decision-making processes concerning labour recruitment by national and multi-national firms lead to different outcomes in terms of labour mobility and international migration under the impact of different welfare provisions, fiscal systems, and regulatory frameworks.
Perhaps the major finding of the project is that most of the studied institutional and regulatory variables do have an impact on employers� recruitment behaviour, but they do not affect this in a decisive manner. Significant differences were found in the way these variables operate in different contexts. However, the analysis indicate that recruitment and international labour migration are more affected by the general structure of a sector and by some of its specific characteristics than by explicit structural variables. In the ICT sector, by far the most globalized of the three, migration mainly takes the form of internal mobility of workers within large multinational companies. The construction sector is the one that is most directly affected by EU rules and legislation. In this sector the phenomenon of workers who are temporarily posted in a country other than their own has become rather widespread. The health sector proves to be the least international.

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