Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Communication from the Commission: An EU Strategy for Biofuels {SEC(2006) 142} COM(2006) 34 final

Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV


In the EU, transport is responsible for an estimated 21% of all greenhouse gas emissions that are contributing to global warming, and the percentage is rising. In order to meet sustainability goals, in particular the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions agreed under the Kyoto Protocol, it is therefore essential to find ways of reducing emissions from transport.
This is not the only challenge. Nearly all the energy used in the EU transport sector comes from oil. Known oil reserves are limited in quantity and restricted to a few world regions. New reserves exist, but will mostly be more difficult to exploit. Securing energy supplies for the future is therefore not only a question of reducing import dependency, but calls for a wide range of policy initiatives, including diversification of sources and technologies.
In the EU a range of actions is already being taken. Vehicle manufacturers are developing new models that are cleaner and more fuel efficient, as well as working on new concepts. Efforts are also being made to improve public transport and encourage the use of environmentally-friendly modes of transport where possible. Further endeavours are needed to make reductions in the amount of energy used for transport.
Developing countries face similar and even greater challenges with respect to transport energy: rising oil prices are badly affecting their balance of payments; reliance on imported fossil fuels implies vulnerability and they too are faced with the challenge of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

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Record Number: 7362 / Last updated on: 2006-04-27