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  • Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, A Concept for European Community Support for Security Sector Reform {SEC(2006) 658} COM(2006) 253 final


The European Union's external action underlines its identity as a global player and partner working to promote its common values, namely respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms, peace, democracy, good governance, gender equality, the rule of law, and solidarity and justice, including in the area of security sector reform.
Preventing and resolving violent conflict, combating terrorism and addressing state fragility are part of the EU's efforts to reduce insecurity and eradicate poverty, thus helping to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, sustainable development and global security.
Today there is greater recognition in the international community and within the EU that security sector reform, or security system reform as it is also referred to, reflecting the multi-sector nature of the security system, is an important part of conflict prevention, peace building and democratisation and contributes to sustainable development. SSR concerns reform of both the bodies which provide security to citizens and the state institutions responsible for management and oversight of those bodies. Thus, security system reform goes beyond the notion of effectiveness of individual services (including the military, the police, the justice institutions, etc.) and instead focuses on the overall functioning of the security system as part of a governance reform policy and strategy of the public sector. In other words, SSR should be seen as a holistic process, strengthening security for all citizens as well as addressing governance deficits. This is to ensure that the security sector is not placed or treated outside the overall public sector, but seen as an integral but balanced part of public resource allocations and the institutional framework of the state. Although some aspects of SSR can be short-term, the overall SSR process needs to be long-term and be based on strong national ownership.

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Record Number: 7429 / Last updated on: 2006-06-21
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