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Source-specific Ecosystem Transfer of Actinides Utilising Advanced Technologies (ADVANCE), Summary of final report

Project ID: FIGE-CT-2000-00108
Funded under: FP5-EAECTP C


The ADVANCE project, carried out under the EC's Fifth Framework Programme, was initiated in January 2001 as a co-ordinated effort to investigate the influence of source-term and ecosystem related characteristics on the transfer of actinides in different terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems using state-of-the-art technologies.
The main objectives of the ADVANCE project were to
(i) identify source- and ecosystem-related characteristics influencing the mobility of actinides in different terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, using advanced technologies;
(ii) investigate the effect of source- and ecosystem-related characteristics on the transfer of actinides to biological endpoints (including humans); and
(iii) significantly strengthen the European scientific competence and analytical technological skills within the field of radioecology.
To achieve these goals, a number of contaminated sites, chosen to represent different source-term and ecosystem characteristics, were systematically studied using a wide range of advanced analytical techniques. The selected study sites included a former nuclear test site (Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan), sites affected by nuclear accidents involving the disintegration of nuclear weapons (Palomares, Spain; Thule, Greenland), areas affected by releases from reprocessing operations (Sellafield, UK; Mayak PA, Russia) and regions where depleted uranium munitions were used in recent conflicts (Kuwait and Kosovo).

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