Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Migration Pathways - A Historic, Demographic and Policy Review of Four European Countries

Project ID: HPSE-CT-1999-00001


The increase of immigration flows towards European Union (EU) countries during the past decade and the social, economic and political issues related to it have attracted the interest of scholars from various disciplines. Economists have promptly investigated the economic aspects of the phenomenon, the �push� and �pull� factors influencing transnational migration, and, in particular, its impact on the labour market and welfare system of the host society (Borjas, 1994; Djajic, 1987; Ethier, 1986; Friedberg and Hunt, 1995; Venturini, 1993). Political and social theorists have discussed the challenge that migration poses to the socio-political order of the nation-state and the functioning of democracy within it (Bauboeck, 1994; Brubaker, 1989; Cesarani and Fulbrook, 1996; Dahrendorf, 1994; Hammar, 1990; Soysal, 1994). New conceptual tools, e.g. denizenship (Hammar, 1989; 1990), have been created in the effort to make sense of the new situation. Sociologists have studied the development of xenophobic and racist attitudes as a reaction to the increasing influx of immigrants to many EU countries (Balbo and Manconi, 1990; 1992; Baumgartl and Favell, 1995). Last but not least, the measures taken by individual states to deal with the problem have been analysed critically (Cornelius et al., 1994; Gould and Findley, 1994; Wrench and Solomos, 1993) and attention has been drawn to the European dimension of the problem (Collinson, 1993; Philip Butt, 1994).

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