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  • WELLKNOW - From welfare to knowfare. A European Approach to Employment and Gender Mainstreaming in the Knowledge Based Society, WELLKNOW, Final Report, EUR 22365
FP5

WELLKNOW - From welfare to knowfare. A European Approach to Employment and Gender Mainstreaming in the Knowledge Based Society, WELLKNOW, Final Report, EUR 22365

Project ID: HPSE-CT-2002-00119
Funded under: FP5-HUMAN POTENTIAL

Abstract

The EU's goal, set at Lisbon (2000) is to develop a model of the Knowledge Based Society (KBS) that is competitive and capable of maintaining sustainable economic growth, while providing both more and better jobs and social cohesion. This project (acronym: WELLKNOW) addressed the employment and gender challenges of the KBS. An attempt was made to measure and explain through statistical indicators and context analysis, the extent to which the progress towards the KBS involves both quality in working life and gender equality. Moreover, an analysis was made of how the European Employment Strategy and national policies have sought to regulate the transition to the KBS.
There is a broad consensus that the concept of the KBS involves diffusion of ICTs, the development of a service-based economy and a trend towards higher educational attainments. Our statistical analysis did not provide clear evidence that the progress towards the KBS in the EU-15 and Hungary and Iceland implies increased social inclusion. Instead, our analysis confirmed the existence of a strong relationship between the level of the KBS performance and different models of the welfare state. At one end of the scale are the Mediterranean countries (with low KBS scores), while at the other end of the scale are the Nordic countries (with high scores), with the Continental and Liberal (the UK) countries occupying the intermediate positions. The main difference between the Continental and Liberal countries is that the latter have higher levels of social exclusion. Regarding the EU's vision of better quality of jobs, our statistical analysis showed a positive relationship between the move towards KBS and a higher quality of jobs. The same was not true for the level of gender equality. Full gender equality is still a long way off, even in those countries with the most comparable situation of men and women. Moreover, progress towards gender equality has been less general and intense than progress towards the KB

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Record Number: 9075 / Last updated on: 2008-04-14
Category: MISC