Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP5

Regional Labour Market Adjustment in the Accession Candidate Countries - ACCESSLAB, Final Report, EUR 23106

Project ID: HPSE-CT-2001-00063
Funded under: FP5-HUMAN POTENTIAL

Abstract

Over the past one and a half decades the new Central and Eastern European member states among the EU countries as well as the candidate countries experienced significant structural change due to the transition to a market economy and increasing integration with the world economy. One of the consequences of these changes was a substantial increase in regional disparities. Starting from a situation of an extremely equal distribution of economic activity as measured for instance by employment rates and wages during socialism, these economies developed regional disparities which parallel or even exceed those of many European economies.
This development raises a number of issues relating to the causes for regional disparities, the efficiency of labour market mechanisms such as wage flexibility, migration and new firm creation in equilibrating regional labour markets and appropriate policies to deal with the uneven development of regions. Assessing the differences and similarities in regional labour market conditions in transition countries, as well as the ability of labour markets to deal with regional disparities, is thus of primary importance from an economic point of view, because regional mismatch of workers and work opportunities may be a cause of high and persistent unemployment in some countries. Thus policies designed to enhance regional adjustment may be an important contribution to combating national unemployment. Analysing regional disparities in the new member states and the candidate countries is also important because the new member states will receive substantial structural funds transfers, which raises the issue how these funds can be used efficiently.

Download application/pdf (1078958)

Record Number: 9124 / Last updated on: 2008-04-14
Category: MISC