Transforming nano-particles into sustainable consumer products through advanced product and process formulation (PROFORM) - Publishable Final Activity Report
Project ID: 505654Funded under: FP6-NMP
There has been an increasing need for the European chemical process industries to advance and integrate the knowledge and expertise from different disciplines, to be able to produce new products, and develop new process technologies. Such capabilities bring market opportunities and economic sustainability, whilst maintaining safe and energy efficient operations, with minimal waste production. Flexibility is another important driver for these industries as they require the ability to respond rapidly and proactively to changing customer needs, without compromising on safety, health or the environment. One prominent example is the formulation and manufacture of products that contain dispersions of fine particles. The practical application of nanotechnology in the process sector relies heavily on the ability to incorporate nano-particles into products in a fully dispersed and stable state, which when used for its intended purpose, allows the material to fully express its functionality. Due to limitations of the knowledge in the field, the design of these processes based on fundamental understanding has not been possible. Therefore, a trial and error type of approach has been taken for design and scale up. In addition to the waste associated with the preliminary trial work, the actual manufacturing processes, which are not optimised, result in excessive waste production from offspecification materials. These are typically due to, for example, the re-agglomeration of particles requiring major investment in downstream "clean up" of equipment, along with the costs and energy requirements of recycling off-specification products. There has been a clear need to develop design guidelines based on a fundamental understanding to ensure safe, reliable and optimal operation of these processes.
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Record Number: 9466 / Last updated on: 2008-10-30