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FP7

Regional Biotechnology: Establishing performance indicators for bioclusters and bioregions relevant to the KBBE area. The Concept - Preparatory paper for a study on bioclusters and bioregions

Funded under: FP7-KBBE

Abstract

Much money and effort have been invested in setting up and carrying out research and innovation policies for biotechnology on both national and EU levels. The results, however, have not always matched the expectations of the policy-makers in Europe. Many reasons, of course, could be found to explain this discrepancy; the main reason seems to be an overestimation of the national capacities.
The recently published Biopolis report points clearly at the various national weaknesses and strengths of the 32 European countries analysed; and those have not much changed over the last fifteen years. The authors are clear about the point that governments should develop the whole set of instruments available in order to successfully build up an innovative biotechnology industry which is also sustainable and competitive. This is not only a question of sufficient financial means, but also of coordination on all levels, including the regional level.
In fact, a closer look at both sides of the Atlantic reveals that the development of the R&Dintensive biotech clusters is always a regional process. It is thought to be virtually impossible to develop an innovative industry evenly-spread on national level, except for very small countries. Such confined 'mushrooming' is always based on very favourable local factors which cannot be easily imitated, or even recreated, in other places. On the other hand, a network of such clusters, though limited in space and time, can have a nation-wide, and even cross-border, ripple-through effect, stimulating many other economic sectors and, indeed, not only inside the home-country but in other countries, too.

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Record Number: 9704 / Last updated on: 2009-01-05
Category: INFO
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