Forschungs- & Entwicklungsinformationsdienst der Gemeinschaft - CORDIS

FP7

MOBYPOST Berichtzusammenfassung

Project ID: 256834
Gefördert unter: FP7-JTI
Land: France

Periodic Report Summary 1 - MOBYPOST (Mobility with Hydrogen for Postal Delivery)

Project Context and Objectives:

Main objectives of the project:
The main goal of the project is the development and experimentation of a hydrogen refueling infrastructure adapted to the needs of a captive vehicle fleet for mail delivery, including onsite renewable energy production capacity (solar PV), coupling to an electrolyser and hydrogen onsite storage (pressurized storage). In parallel to the infrastructure, two fleets of five vehicles powered by hydrogen fuel cell and specifically designed for postal delivery applications (design, ergonomy, characteristics, etc) are developed and will be linked to the above-mentioned infrastructures. The final goal is thus to develop and demonstrate a novel and autonomous sustainable mobility concept meeting the challenge of developing a whole system combining a carbon neutral vehicle powered by a hydrogen fuel cell with a production and refuelling infrastructure based on a solar hydrogen production system. This is what we call the solar-to-wheel solution.
Stands behind this objective the need for Europe to adopt innovative, efficient and environmentally friendly solutions for transportation. Hydrogen technologies applied to energy storage and use are an answer to this necessary evolution and the MobyPost project aims at proving their relevance in these fields.

Project Results:
Description of the work performed since the beginning of the project:
The first period of work has been paid to the establishment of the specifications that are finely described (flexibility level, target) both for mechanical and ergonomics requirements for the vehicle. This was accomplished within the WP1. In parallel, first models of infrastructure and vehicle have been developed. It allowed getting a first dimensioning of the equipments for infrastructure of hydrogen production, storage and refuelling. Considering the powertrain of the vehicle, real drive cycles measurements and theoretical cycle elaboration ensures precise simulation results on the basis of models developed in the framework of WP2.

at the beginning of the second semester, the partners together confronted initial assumptions on vehicle consumption to the first results of hydrogen infrastructure simulation. Indeed, at this step of the project, the vehicle’s needs in hydrogen were not clearly defined yet, whereas the impact of a higher demand in hydrogen was identified on the infrastructure’s side: expensive and difficult to install on existing sites (limited place available). Therefore the consortium agreed that the H2 consumption of the vehicle was determined by the limits of infrastructure (300g of H2/day/vehicle) and this became the input data for the vehicle’s design, associated to two guidelines: efficient power train and light vehicle. Then, important work was realized on work package 2 “specific simulation and modelling studies”.
The first detailed reports concerning both vehicle power train and infrastructure for hydrogen were the base for discussions amongst the consortium; further simulations were made according to the requests from our end-user La Poste, contributed to the decision process and filed for the project record.
Design work was running on both parts of the system, the collaborative work between SET-Ercos (ergonomics team of SET laboratory of UTBM), La Poste and Ducati Energia (our vehicle manufacturer) started effectively and led to the first CAD models of the vehicle at the end of the year 2011. Technical aspects of the power train were discussed and clarified. SET-CCE (Design and control of energy systems team of SET laboratory of UTBM) supported by IFSTTAR studied different choices for each component, ranking them by different criteria such as: adaptation to MobyPost’s needs /efficiency / cost / reliability. On the homologation aspects, the partners in charge of the “new” components of the power train (related to H2, in particular fuel cell – partner MES - and metal hydride tanks – partner MaHyTec) started to evaluate the requirements for certification in the MobyPost’s case with the TüV. This process, as well as internal testing for improvement, has implied upgrading of the components for better reliability and efficiency.
End of February 2012 a meeting in Belfort closed this second semester in a positive way with a vehicle group meeting, as the choices for main power train components were made (batteries, fuel cell, electric motors).
Concerning the infrastructure’s system, fine modelling of each component was made, associated to the draft of control and access to grid strategy. On site visits were organized in November 2011 in order to start evaluate the work necessary for the installation of the whole process (PV to refuelling station), first proposals were made to La Poste for the implantation. Explanations were given about the use of the system by the postmen and more largely by the people on site. Furthermore, a monitoring concept for the stationary infrastructure was proposed by the partner in charge (EIFER).

Beginning of March the 12M partner meeting organized in Karlsruhe was an excellent occasion to make decisions and to maintain the project’s progress at a good pace. Indeed, at this moment the choice for metal hydride tanks shape was made (after testing various shapes’ efficiency by MaHyTec), which, in complement to the decisions made in Belfort end of February 2012, led to a fully defined power train. The adequacy of infrastructure’s dimensioning with vehicle’s needs was verified. First questions about intellectual property of the project’s results were raised and explained to the partners, with the idea of preparing the project’s exploitation when finished. However, it was identified that the partner in charge should take care of the homologation and certification process now that both vehicle and infrastructure were in an advanced design status.
On the vehicle’s side, Ducati Energia started this process with the TüV Italia, who already took care of the homologation of their BEV “FreeDuck” which is also homologated with a hybrid power train (ICE + Batteries). However, because the TüV could not answer all the MobyPost’s needs, another company was consulted on this topic. In July 2012, IPV as WP5 leader contacted the French organization in charge of the vehicle’s reception and homologation (DREAL) who redirected the question to the CNRV (Centre national de Réception des Véhicules) for the homologation process validation. At the time the report was written, this task was still open because of the difficulty of homologating a FCEV which is built under the “Light quadricycles” category under the only European directive considering hydrogen as energy source on road vehicles (79/2009 EC) which normally applies for M category vehicles.
On the infrastructure’s side, IPV assumed a similar approach with the French organization regulating the potentially risky industrial activities, the DREAL. First idea was to verify whether our experimentation could be conducted out of the ICPE scope. ICPE is the French regulation for hazardous activities related to industry. Thanks to the small size and the low power of our system, the DREAL confirmed that the MobyPost’s experimentation could be run “simply” by providing the certification of the process towards the European directives. The MobyPost’s consortium decided to get the help of an external control organization to perform this certification task, which mainly consists in gathering the documents available by the partners and writing the compliance of the infrastructure design towards the European directives.
Final design activities were performed during this period for the whole system, with a very good cooperation and high involvement of each partner. Regular conference calls allowed the vehicle group to progress in the design of the mechanical structure, the ergonomics and style of the vehicle. Ducati Energia made available to UTBM a FreeDuck equipped with the two in wheel motors to be used in the MobyPost power train in order to offer a real condition testing. The other main components of the powertrain (Battery, Fuel Cell, DC-DC power converter) have been purchased by UTBM in this period. So a great companion of experimental tests took place on the characterization of these elements with respect to Mobypost specifications. At the end of the period (July 2012), the vehicle manufacturer was able to start the production of the first prototype for the MobyPost vehicle.
Partners of the infrastructure group finished their testing (efficiency, reliability), in particular H2Nitidor upgraded their electrolyser for the installation in the MobyPost experimentation framework. The monitoring system was fully defined and the partner in charge (EIFER) ordered the components to be installed on site. The partners agreed on technical solutions to integrate all monitoring components in the stationary infrastructure. IPV managed the relation and the information flow between the infrastructure group and the contractors for the building conversion. IPV supported La Poste in registering the request for building permits by the MobyPost experimentation cities’ mayors. At the end of the reporting period, the permits were allowed; the drawings made by the architects and validated by the MobyPost partners were ready for the request for quote by the external sub-contractors.

At the end of the reporting period (end of July 2012), the vehicle’s fleets were announced with two months delay (delivery in April 2013 instead of February 2013), whereas the infrastructure’s timetable was not suffering any deviation. The main challenges for the coming months were identified by the partners who keep a high level of motivation towards their common goal: successfully experiment the whole system very soon.

Potential Impact:
Expected final results and potential impacts:
In the current European economic and environmental context, the results of the MobyPost’s experimentation are eagerly awaited. Demonstrating the easy, efficient and competitive use of clean vehicles associated to local energy production paves the way for similar projects at bigger scale. The existing partnership with La Poste, clearly engaged in the sustainable transportation, hopefully will lead to further experimentations as a continuity of the MobyPost project. The high level of involvement of each partner in this project is a strong sign that we must continue in this direction.
Thinking of the general impacts of the final results, the list may be very long, but one’s can expect the following main benefits if the consortium manages to experiment the systems for one year:
- Local, regional, national and European influence for the hydrogen technologies
- Reinforced acceptance of the hydrogen technologies thanks to the visibility of the postman
- Identified area for improvement of the hydrogen products assembled in the MobyPost’s system
- Spin-off similar profitable projects in Europe, opening the market for the project’s partners and similar companies

List of Websites:

www.mobypost-project.eu

Verwandte Informationen

Kontakt

Michel ROMAND, (MOBYPOST Project coordinator)
Tel.: +33 384 58 36 20
E-Mail-Adresse
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