Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP7

Desulfurization Result In Brief

Project ID: 293429
Funded under: FP7-PEOPLE
Country: Ireland

Symbiotic fungi help plants get enough sulphur

Researchers have conducted detailed laboratory experiments to figure out which groups of soil fungi and bacteria that break down sulphur-containing molecules in soil.
Symbiotic fungi help plants get enough sulphur
Plants require sulphur to grow, but they cannot absorb it as it mostly exists in soil – as part of large organic molecules. For this, they need networks of arbuscular mycorrhiza (fungi) and bacteria that break down these organic molecules and make the sulphur available to plant roots.

The EU-funded DESULFURIZATION (Microbial organo-sulfur desulfurization in the mycorrhizosphere) initiative aimed to identify which bacteria and fungi are involved in sulphur mobilisation in soil.

Researchers harvested fungi and bacteria from soil and cultivated them, along with model plants, under a steady supply of organic sulphur-containing molecules. They described sulphur flows through different organisms and trialled combinations of bacteria and fungi to better understand those interactions within this type of ecosystem.

DESULFURIZATION identified certain groups of bacteria that associated strongly with different types of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Inoculating soil with these mycorrhiza encouraged plant root growth and a wider diversity of sulphur-metabolising bacteria.

Researchers also found that arbuscular mycorrhiza improved early plant growth, and that sulphur mobilisation played an important part in this phenomenon.

This research will lead to decreased use of synthetic fertiliser and provide farmers with a sustainable way to improve sulphur availability for their crops.

Related information

Keywords

Fungi, plants, sulphur, soil, bacteria, arbuscular mycorrhiza, plant roots
Record Number: 175150 / Last updated on: 2016-02-16
Domain: Biology, Medicine